Introduction and Background

In recent decades, we have come to realize, that instead of polluting, our water, land, and the air we breathe; we have to protect, revitalize, maintain, and sustain these vital resources.The results of mismanagement have been small to great, and local to global.

Recently, everyone can recall the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico and the damage that can result from mismanagement or neglect. In the 1860’s, the U.S. government saw fit to create parks, and set aside lands for the public. The 1970’s saw the environmental movements that took steps to clean up the environment. Institutions such as: National Environmental Policy Act, Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Earth Day, Endangered Species Act, founding of Earth Day, the banning of DDT, and the Water Pollution Control Act.

Whether we realize it or not, to some extent, we are all environmentalists. We are concerned about the depletion of our forests, pollution in our water and air, and ultimately, the health and welfare of our families. The City of Brooksville, Department of Public Works is proud to do its part in protecting the environment by, minimizing the entry of pollutants into its precious water resources to provide the community with good, safe drinking water, and swimmable, and fishable waters for all to enjoy. How does this affect you and I?

The City of Brooksville will continue to grow as a desirable community in which to live. An important concern regarding such growth is the risk of increased pollution.

One form of pollution rarely talked about, is stormwater runoff. In urban areas, such as Brooksville, much of the land is covered by buildings and pavement, which prevents rainwater from soaking into the ground.

Most people are aware that littering is wrong as well as unlawful. But people often don’t think about the fertilizers and chemicals they use on their lawns, the pesticides and herbicides they use around their homes and on their animals, the soaps they use to wash their vehicles, and boats, the oils/fuels that spill while maintaining motor equipment, the paints and thinners they use and discard, or the waste their animals produce.

Non Point Source Pollution

All of these common daily activities can cause pollutants to enter the storm water system, and end up coming out of our faucets. (note: 1 gal. of oil, can contaminate 1,000,000 gal. of water / Would you drink from a glass of water that looked clear and refreshing, but learned there was just a little poison in it?)

These types of pollution are referred to as “Non Point Source Pollution” and comes from many sources, not from one single polluter. It is the most difficult to control because we don’t enforce strict regulations on most homeowners and small businesses.


It is relatively easy to spot the chemical plant with a pipe spraying out grayish black liquid and to fix the problem. On the other hand, it is quite difficult to control the average family’s grass clippings, car washing, house painting, dog walking, etc.

Most developed areas rely on stormdrains to carry away this runoff. However, in this water runoff, are pollutants such as oil, dirt, chemicals, and lawn fertilizers that will flow directly into our lakes, streams, rivers, springs and the gulf, where they can seriously harm water quality. Many Floridians drink water straight from the Floridan Aquifer, (to clarify: which is a wet underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, similar to a sponge made up of unconsolidated materials such as sand, or silt from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well.) So the importance of protecting the Aquifer is obvious. It is also important to realize, that trash, including old tires, batteries, and refrigerators have had to be removed from our waterways. Chemicals, silts/sediments are transported to our recreational waterways; (lakes, beaches), all of this ultimately endangering drinking water, aquatic plants, sea life, as well as the humans that swim and fish in the waters and eat the fish.